While Red Williams Drilling was established in 1986, the company history goes back even farther.
“My grandfather’s company, Island Well Drilling, was started in 1958 out of Ladysmith,” says Thomas Williams, the third generation in a family of drillers.
Back then, only cable tools were used for drilling on Vancouver Island.
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“In 1978, [Red Sr.] bought his first air rotary drill rig but continued to run the cable tool for years later,” Thomas says. “We still run the old cable tool to this day. Just last month, I completed a 250-foot, 10-inch well with the same rig.”
For several years, Island Well Drilling and Red Williams Drilling were separate businesses.
“In the early to mid-80s, when we had the economic downturn, there was work available but it wasn’t close to home,” Red says. “My father [Red Sr.] wasn’t interested in taking on that kind of work. He’d always been home-based, always worked within a certain radius, but there was no work for me.”
Red had been working with his father since childhood, and by the time he was 13 or 14, he was running equipment on his own. Rather than stay where there was no work, Red started his own business, taking on jobs farther away using equipment his father provided on “very generous terms.”
“I went out there and made all my mistakes and cut my teeth and learned how to organize a business,” Red says.
He was careful not to compete with his father.
“I drilled rock when I was out of his area, but I would never compete against him on rock work,” Red says. “I would do the overburden work and unconsolidated work for him.”
Red slowly took on more of the jobs, and by the time Red Sr. retired in the mid-1990s, Red Williams Drilling had acquired Island Well Drilling.
“My father ran a very clean, organized business, so there were no liabilities I had to worry about,” Red says.
VALUABLE OUTSIDE EXPERIENCES
Although Thomas worked with his father through his school years, he didn’t officially join the family business as a driller until 2003.
“I never wanted to work for my dad as a teenager,” he says. “After high school, I worked for one year doing mostly pump work for Red Williams Well Drilling. Following that, I took a one-year automotive trade course at Vancouver Island University.”
When his coursework was complete, he was offered apprenticeship jobs for a disappointing $10 per hour.
“By this time in my life, I had worked with my father’s company for several summers and was capable of drilling on my own,” Thomas says. “I could make $18 per hour at that time running a rig, so I followed the money and eventually ended up loving what I do.”
When the busy summer season was done, Thomas often worked in the oil patch, where he met drillers from across the country and was exposed to new equipment. Red sees value in Thomas’s experiences.
“He had to get out of the cage to find out what’s out there and to realize the cage wasn’t so bad,” Red says with a laugh.
Thomas put his time “out of the cage” to good use.
“Instead of going to university, he went to the oil fields, which, for us, is our university,” Red says. “He got educated and he put this education back in, so in a lot of respects, he’s better qualified than me. He’s brought something into the company.”
An area of particular interest for Thomas is equipment, and a big factor in his decision to keep drilling was the purchase of a rig that was more user-friendly and reliable than the older rigs.
“We spent several hundreds of thousands of dollars on equipment because of that new knowledge and opened up a few new venues in business that we wouldn’t otherwise have if he hadn’t done this work,” Red says.
Thomas says equipment represents the biggest change in the industry.
“Our rigs now can drill up to 400 feet of hard rock in a single shift, whereas, in the past, a well like this, drilling through hard rock, would take up to a couple of weeks to complete,” Thomas says.
While Thomas strives to update equipment, he understands his father doesn’t share that priority.
“Red sees a 30-year-old drill rig or pump hoist that is well maintained as better, because they are simpler,” he says, explaining that with less wiring and fewer electronic controls, problems are easier to diagnose in the field.
Thomas is mindful of the risks.
“The biggest challenge I see in our company is updating our aging fleet without acquiring large amounts of debt,” he says. “Even since I started in the industry, we have seen some slow times, and if we had large lease payments, we could have lost everything. We have over 20 pieces of equipment on the road and the average age is early 90s.”
The purchase of newer equipment is worked into the transition plan, with Thomas taking on more ownership with each capital investment.
“It’ll be a soft takeover, you might say,” Red says.
Another difference in perspective between father and son: “We do a lot more commercial drilling and large pump systems since I started managing and estimating,” says Thomas. “Red never had the patience for the days of work it can take to estimate a large drilling or pump job and writing up the safety plans and shop drawings.”
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UNOFFICIAL SUCCESSION PLAN
While Thomas says there isn’t an official succession plan, every year he takes on more responsibility on the management side of the company, which runs with about 20 staff in the busy season, including two pump crews and two drill crews.
As Red did with Red Sr.’s business, Thomas is buying shares rather than buying the business and equipment outright, allowing them to avoid large loans and minimize interest and tax payments. Red says that while the benefit of depreciation is lost, whether that matters depends on how much work is available. He took over Red Sr.’s business during the economic downturn in the 1990s. With Thomas, the transition will continue slowly depending on the economy and how the company is doing.
“It has been a gradual transition from running a rig every day over the last six years to now mostly estimating and planning all the drilling work and large pump jobs,” says Thomas, who still runs the limited-access rig in several very remote locations, something he enjoys doing. “My favourite thing about the drilling trade is working all over the coast and meeting new people every day.”
Asked how he feels about Thomas joining the family business, Red says, “Absolutely ecstatic!”
“I always looked at my company as a means to raise a family,” he says, adding that of his five children, Thomas was the only one interested in drilling. “I never looked at my company as a major investment with a big payout at the end of the day.”
Red stresses the importance of the decision being Thomas’s.
“You can’t be making decisions for your kids or they just resent it. They have to make their own decisions,” he says. “You can give them an opportunity, but you can’t tell them what opportunities are good or bad. That’s their call.”
Another tip for other business owners in the same situation: “You have to let them make a few mistakes – you can’t try to head off every mistake,” Red says. “If the mistakes look like they’re getting out of hand, then you have to step in.”
Ultimately, it’s about patience and picking and choosing the issues you’re going to deal with, he says, adding with a laugh: “And being able to sit back and keep your mouth shut.”